Once again Attock became a battle ground between two contending powers. Marathas had now reached the Afghanistan border. Once again Attock became a battle ground between two contending powers. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_Attock_(1758)&oldid=986194285, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 11:02. But who were the warriors who helped the Marathas reach their peak? The Battle of Attock took place on 28 April 1758 between Maratha Empire and the Durrani Empire. Raghunathraoleft Punjab after three months appointing Maratha Sardar Narsoji Pandit with 4000 Maratha troops to guard the fort from Afghans. It was conquered by the combined forces of Huzurati Troops and Shinde Army. Attock was won by Marathas led by Peshwas (Prime Ministers of Maratha rulers, based in Pune) between 1751-1760. So Ahmad Shah Durrani has returned to Kandahar with some 12-14 thousand broken troops. Lahore, Multan, Kashmir and other subhas on this side of Attock are under our rule for the most part, and places which have not come under our rule we shall soon bring under us. (Attock Fort) The re-emergence of Indian rule in Pashtunistan or Pakistan’s NWFP province began with the conquest of Attock in 1751 by the Maratha Army from Pune. The fort is now Pakistan's Frontier Corps's headquarters. [1] Attock was briefly captured on 28 April 1758 by the Maratha Empire and became the northern boundary of the Maratha Empire. [1], After capturing Attock, Raghunathrao sent a letter to Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao on 4 May 1758 :[2][3]. [3] Today the fort remains in control of the SSG. [4] It's located at a distance of 80km from the capital city of Islamabad. Today (28th April) is the day when Marathas captured the Attock fort 262 years ago and took the Maratha empire to its zenith. The Attock fort was completed in 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi, a minister of Emperor Akbar. Attock Fort Accusing Ranjit Singh of treachery, Fateh Khan set off from Kashmir at the head of 15,000 cavalry in April 1813 and invested Attock Fort. Ahmad Shah Durrani got alarmed with this success of Marathas and started planning to recapture his lost territories. [3] In 1956 the fort was handed over to the Special Services Group (SSG), a special operations force of the Pak Army. Attock Fort, whose capture by the Sikh Empire lead to the Battle of Attock ... Maratha victory over afghans The Battle of Peshawar took place in on 8 May 1758 between Maratha Empire and the Durrani Empire. Akbar the Great built Attock Fort from 1581 - 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi to protect the passage of the Indus. Marathas neither captured Peshawar nor Attock fort The Maratha adventure in Punjab has been acclaimed by some historians as "carrying the Hindu paramountcy up to Attock. N Nader Shah crossed through Attock when he defeated the Mughals at the Battle of Karnal and thus ended Mughal power in Northern India. The Maratha flag was raised at Attock Fort. The Battle of Attock took place on 28 April 1758 between Maratha Empire and the Durrani Empire. The Marathas sent their troops with select commanders and took the fort of Attock on the Indus before capturing the city of Multan and the all-important city of Peshawar, which guarded the Khyber Pass. Attock became part of Ghannavi Empire. The Marathas, under Raghunathrao (Raghoba), delivered a decisive victory and Attock was captured. Attock became part of Ghaznavid Empire. Modi's tough talk -- via Attock -- on terrorism 'No nation questioned India’s surgical strikes', says Modi at diaspora event in US; ... (the Maratha’s saffron flag) otop Attock Fort. [1], The fort consists of 4 gates and its parameter wall is 1600m long. Construction was completed in two years after which the fort was used as a key defense line against Afghan invaders. importance of this area, in 1581 built his famous Attock Fort complex here. Long before the British conquest-by-division, Attock was the northwestern frontier of the Maratha empire after they defeated the Durranis and hoisted the bhagwa jhanda (the Marathas' saffron flag) atop the Attock Fort. The Attock fort was completed in 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi, a minister of Emperor Akbar. It was conquered by the combined forces of Huzurati Troops and Shinde Army. [2] After the Indo-Pak partition in 1947 Pakistan Army took control of the fort. Emperor Akbar the Great, the grandson of Babar, recognizing the strategic importance of this area in 1581 built his famous Attock Fort complex here.The fall of Mughal Empire in eighteenth century saw the rise of Sikhs in Punjab and Durrani Afghans to the west. [edit] Attock Fort Attock fort was completed in 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi, a minister of Emperor Akbar. The Maratha Empire was serving notice to the Afghan Shahs of Kabul that India was taking control of Panjab and the land routes to Afghanistan. ‘Attock to Cuttack’ is how they referred to the extent of Maratha power. प्राजक्ता गायकवाड ते शिवानी सुर्वे.. 'या' मराठी कलाकारांनी मध्येच सोडली लोकप्रिय मालिका The fact that a Hindu power from the Deccan could hold sway at the foothills of Himalayas was unthinkable at the start of that century. Attock Fort From Pakistan Once Ruled By Maratha Empire पाकिस्‍तानातील हा किल्‍ला जिंकून मराठ्यांनी रोवला अटकेपार झेंडा, जाणून घ्या रंजक इतिहास.. Attock became part of Ghaznavid Empire. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort, which is almost on the Grand Trunk (GT) Road, was also built during this period. Attock District is a place of great historic significance. In 1759-60, Maratha forces had captured the Fortress of Attock. The Maratha Empire extended from 'Attock to Cuttack'. It featured a prominent role in Afghan-Sikh Wars during the Battle of Attock. Ahmad Shah Durrani's son Timur Shah Durrani and Jahan Khan have been pursued by our troops, and their troops completely looted. As it's a military base, visitors are not allowed inside the fort. It is doubtful if the Maratha army actually advanced as far as Attock, and the collection of revenue in the Trans-Chenab was purely a temporary affair. The fall of Mughal Empire in eighteenth century saw the rise of Hindu Maratha state and Sikhs in Punjab and Durrani Afghans to the west. ... so “your” Atak is now Attock!” View Larger Map. Attock District (Urdu: ضلع اٹک) is a district in the north-west Punjab Province of Pakistan. Attock is in present-day Pakistan. Attock Fort (Urdu: اٹک قلعه‎) was built at Attock Khurd during the reign of Akbar the Great from 1581 to 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi to protect the passage of the River Indus. Attock was won by Marathas led by Peshwas (Prime Ministers of Maratha rulers, based in … The Attock fort was completed in 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi, a minister of Emperor Akbar. Hindu Maratha state and Durrani Afghans to the west and Sikhs in Punjab were at the peak when in 18 th century when Mughal Empire was descending down. Hence I think it is a great time to answer this question. Attock was won by Marathas led by Peshwas (Prime Ministers of Maratha rulers, based in Pune] between 1751 … Ten days earlier, the Marathas had won 'The Battle of Attock'. Raghunathrao left Punjab after three months appointing Maratha Sardar Narsoji Pandit with 4000 Maratha troops to guard the fort from Afghans. Mughal, Maratha, Afghan and Sikh rule Akbar the Great built Attock Fort from 1581 - 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi to protect the passage of the Indus. The Peshawar fort was taken by Afghans with heavy losses to the besieged Maratha garrison. Attock fort - SSG facility in Attock Khurd, Pakistan (Google Maps) Akbar the Great built Attock Fort from 1581 - 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi to protect the passage of the Indus. The rarely discussed topic, hardly ever explained through maps. ? Thereafter the Afghan invaders, under Jahan Khan overran Attock and threatened the Rohtas Fort . Pune and Atak located on Google Maps. Also watch Part-2 https://youtu.be/eTT1RFKPL44 At the peak of pre-partition Indian nationalism before the British conquest by division, Attock was the northwestern frontier of the Maratha Empire after they defeated the Durranis and hoisted the bhagwa jhanda (the Maratha’s saffron flag) atop Attock Fort. Attock was captured by the Maratha Empire on 28 April 1758 and became the Maratha Empire's North Border. The district was created in April 1904 [1] by the merger of Talagang Tehsil in the Jhelum District with the Pindigheb, Fatehjang and Attock tehsils from Rawalpindi District of the Punjab province of British India. At the same time Ranjit Singh rushed Dewan Mokham Chand and Karam Chand Chahal from Burhan with a force of cavalry, artillery, and a battalion of infantry to meet the Afghans. Web Title: Attock fort was captured by Attock fort now in Pakistan Get Latest Marathi News , Maharashtra News and Live Marathi News Headlines from Politics, Sports, Entertainment, Business and hyperlocal news from all cities of Maharashtra. On 8 May 1758, the Marathas defeated Durrani forces in the Battle of Peshawar and captured the city of Peshawar. The city of Peshawar fell before the Sindhia contingent of the Maratha Empire and finally after the elapsing of 700 years a Hindu army once again stood at the gates of India. History of Maratha And Attock Fort Subscribe to Loksatta Live: https://bit.ly/2WIaOV8 Loksatta has stood by its belief of being a forum and voice of democracy in Maharashtra. The battle is seen as a great success for Marathas who hoisted Maratha flag in Attock. [3], List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Pakistan, "A close look on the history of Attock Fort Pakistan with pics", List of cultural heritage sites in Pakistan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Attock_Fort&oldid=983439278, All Wikipedia articles written in Pakistani English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 October 2020, at 07:09. Attock Fort Attock fort, under Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi, was built at Atttock Khurd during the reign of Akbar the Great from 1581 to 1583 to protect the river Indus passage. [1], The fort was constructed in 1581 on the orders of the Mughal Emperor Akbar. Ahmad Shah Durrani recaptured Attock and halted the Maratha advance in the north permanently after the Third Battle of Panipat. The Battle of Attock took place on 28 April 1758 between Indian Maratha Kingdom and the Durrani Empire. The battle is seen as a great success for Marathas who hoisted Maratha flag in Attock. Valor of Dattaji Shinde - definition To get a firm hold over the Punjab and to crush Najibkhan, the Peshwa sent Dattaji Shinde and Janakoji Shinde to the North. It featured a prominent role in Afghan-Sikh Wars during the Many Sufi missionaries settled in Attock and converted the native population to Islam. Ahmad Shah Durrani recaptured Attock and halted the Maratha advance in the north permanently after the Third Battle of Panipat. [3] It became headquarters of the 7th division of Pakistan Army. Emperor Akbar the Great, the grandson of Babar, recognizing the strategic importance of this area in 1581 built his famous Attock Fort complex here. Thus all have risen against Ahmad who has lost control over the region... we have decided to extend our rule up to Kandahar. The Marathas were victorious in the battle and Peshawar was captured. The Attock fort was completed in 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi, a minister of Emperor Akbar. The Battle of Attock took place on 28 April 1758 between Indian Maratha Kingdom and the Durrani Empire. Attock was briefly captured on 28 April 1758 by the Maratha Empire and became the northern boundary of the Maratha Empire. The Marathas, under Raghunathrao (Raghoba), delivered a decisive victory and Attock was captured. The fall of Mughal Empire in 18th century saw the rise of Hindu Maratha state and Sikhs in Punjab and Durrani Afghans to the west. [edit] Maratha rule In 1759-60, Maratha … Attock Fort |Wikimedia Commons In Lahore, Raghunath Rao appointed Adina Beg as the Governor of Punjab. In 1581, Attock Fort complex was built by the grandson of Baber, Akbar the Great after recognizing the tactical importance of that area. Atak was the northernmost town in the Maratha Empire when it was at its zenith in the mid 18th Century. The planting of the Maratha flag on the Attock fort was a key moment in the history of Maratha Empire's expansion An expression popular to this date: 'Atkepar Zende' [ '(Maratha) Flags Beyond Attock'] was coined. T… Attock (Punjabi, Urdu: اٹک), formerly known as Campbellpur (کیمبل پور), is a city located in the north of Pakistan's Punjab Province, not far from the country's capital Islamabad.It is the headquarters of Attock District and is 61st largest city of Pakistan by population. The Attock Fort was completed in 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi, a minister of Emperor Akbar. The fort was captured in 1812 by Sikhs and eventually the British took over the fort. The gates are named the Delhi gate, Lahori Gate, Kabuli Gate and Mori Gate. The Shinde Troops were under the able command of Shreenath Mahadji Shinde, his elder brother Tukajirao and uncle Shambhuji Shinde. 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