For Ai Weiwei, the work recalls the artist's own confrontation with the Chinese government as he discovered surveillance cameras and listening devices had been installed within his own studio in the months leading to his detainment. Xu Bing wanted to hang the recycled birds from the immaculate and architecturally magnificent building in order to create contrast and raise ideas regarding the schism between wealth and labour. Xu Bing (Chinese: 徐冰; pinyin: Xú Bīng; born 1955) is a Chinese artist who served as vice-president of the Central Academy of Fine Arts. 1955). Xu Bing is a Chinese contemporary artist, born in 1955 in Chongqing, China. Approaching the five-foot-tall piece, small clues suggest that things are not as simple as they first seem; instead of the traditional ink work on paper, objects appear to visually fall behind the surface of the paper. After years of preparation, he created Square Word Calligraphy, which he often calls New English Calligraphy as he transforms English words nearly beyond recognition in the style of Chinese characters. One of his best-known works, Book from the Sky (1987–1991), earned Xu international recognition in the 1980s. Bing's latest work continues to comment on a rapidly changing society but moves far beyond traditional artistic media. The work is a massive installation of hundreds of volumes and scrolls printed with 4,000 imagined Chinese characters, which … "The imagination and beauty of the installation, as well as Xu's serious approach, were often commended," art historian Stanley K. Abe describes in his 1998 … Kai Yin-Lo comments on this by observing that, "while well versed in tradition, and in the culture and mores of the Communist regime, Xu Bing also poses cerebral and representational challenges to their validity and values." The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Upon Xu Bin's departure, Book from the Sky was not shown again in China for nearly 20 years, despite multiple international installations of the work. "Xu Bing Artist Overview and Analysis". In his series Background Story, Xu Bing uses unusual materials in order to create a deceptively typical Chinese Scroll Painting. Bing continued to work with the written word after his move to the USA in 1990. The Foolish Old Man Who Tried to Remove ... Background  Story:  Landscape  After  Huang  Gongwang, Background  Story:  Returning  Late  from  a  Spring  Outing, Background  Story:  Dwelling  in  the  Peach  Blossom  Valley, Background  Story:  Spring  Clouds  and  Layered  Peaks, Square  Word  Calligraphy:  Three  Indonesian  Proverbs, Square  Word  Calligraphy:  El  bon  poble, A  Case  Study  of  Transference:  Times  Overlap, Background  Story  -  Old  Trees,  Level  Distance, Background  Story:  Shangfang  Temple  Scroll, Background  Story:  Blue  and  Green  Landscape, Background  Story:  Landscape  after  Wu  Zhen, Background  Story:  Landscape  Painted  on  the  Double  Ninth  Festival, Book  from  the  Ground  -  Studio  Installation. This, states Charlie Bennett of Aesthetica, points to a certain frustration with contemporary consumer culture, and recognition that "companies are creating a global, visual language but they also do very little to offset the anxieties of modern life. In 2008, Bing received a commission to create a sculptural installation for the World Financial Centre in Beijing, then in its initial stages of construction. Xu's former colleague, Ai Weiwei earlier took on themes of state surveillance by creating faux cameras carved in marble for his series of anti-monuments. At first glance, and to anyone who cannot read Chinese script, the pages appear simply as an elegant example of traditional Chinese calligraphy, evoking the richness and sophistication of China's long literary history. Xu does, however, maintain an appreciation for the country's long cultural traditions through using powerful mythological figures, still revered to this day. Xu Bing is among a generation of artists, including Ai Weiwei and Gu Wenda, who experienced the Cultural Revolution first hand during their youth and transmitted that experience through their art. 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